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Automatic detection of avalanches: evaluation of three different approaches
VerfasserSchimmel, A. ; Hübl, J. ; Koschuch, R. ; Reiweger, I.
Erschienen in
Natural Hazards, Berlin, 2017, Jg. 87, H. 1, S. 83-102
ErschienenSpringer, 2017
DokumenttypAufsatz in einer Zeitschrift
Schlagwörter (EN)Infrasound / Avalanche radar / Snow avalanches / Detection system
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubbw:3-2079 Persistent Identifier (URN)
 Das Werk ist frei verfügbar
Automatic detection of avalanches: evaluation of three different approaches [4.68 mb]
Zusammenfassung (Deutsch)

Nicht verfügbar

Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

Automated detection of snow avalanches is an important tool for avalanche forecasting and for assessing the effectiveness of avalanche control measures at bad visibility. Avalanche detection systems are usually based on infrasound, seismic, or radar signals. Within this study, we compared three different types of avalanche detection systems: one avalanche radar, one infrasound array system consisting of four infrasound sensors, and a newly developed single sensor infrasound system. A special focus is given to the new single sensor system, which is a low cost, easy to install system, originally designed for the detection of debris flows and debris floods. Within this work, we analysed how this single sensor system could be adapted to detect also snow avalanches. All three systems were installed close to a road near Ischgl (Tyrol, Austria) at the avalanche-exposed Paznaun Valley. The valley is endangered by two avalanche paths which are controlled by several avalanche towers. The radar system detected avalanches accurately and reliably but was limited to the particular avalanche path towards which the radar beam was directed. The infrasound array could detect avalanches from all surrounding avalanche paths, however, with a higher effort for installation. The newly tested single infrasound sensor system was significantly cheaper and easier to install than the other two systems. It could also detect avalanches form all directions, although without information about the direction. In summary, each of the three different systems was able to successfully detect avalanches and had its particular strengths and weaknesses, which should be considered according to the specific requirements of a particular practical application.

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