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Title
The difficulty of the postural control task affects multi-muscle control during quiet standing
AuthorGarcía-Massó, X. ; Pellicer-Chenoll, M. ; Gonzalez, L. M. ; Toca-Herrera, J. L.
Published in
Experimental Brain Research, Berlin, 2016, Vol. 234, Issue 7, page 1977-1986
PublishedSpringer, 2016
LanguageEnglish
Document typeJournal Article
Keywords (EN)Electromyography / Coherence / Synergy / Quiet standing
ISSN1432-1106
URNurn:nbn:at:at-ubbw:3-1715 Persistent Identifier (URN)
DOI10.1007/s00221-016-4602-z 
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 The work is publicly available
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The difficulty of the postural control task affects multi-muscle control during quiet standing [0.78 mb]
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Abstract (English)

The aim of this study was to compare the electromyographic (EMG) coherence between the lower limb and the core muscles when carrying out two postural tasks at different difficulty levels. EMG was recorded in 20 healthy male subjects while performing two independent quiet standing tasks. The first one involved a bipedal stance with the eyes open, while the second consisted of a dominant unipedal stance also with the eyes open. The obtained EMG signals were analysed by computing estimations of EMGEMG coherence between muscle pairs, both singly (single-pair estimations) and combined (pooled estimations). Pooled and single coherence of anterior, posterior, core, antagonist and mixed pairs of muscles were significant in the 05 Hz frequency band. The results indicate that core and antagonist muscle groups, such as the anterior and posterior muscles, share low-frequency neural inputs (05 Hz) which could be responsible of the M-modes assembly. The core muscles could therefore provide the necessary synergy to maintain spine stability during the balancing exercise. Finally, differences in EMGEMG coherence suggest that the muscle synergies formed during unipedal stance tasks are different from those established during bipedal stance.