The next 30 years a shift of the world population from rural to urban areas is expected. Due to these developments, the priority design criteria of forests are researched from literature and are considered, related and assessed as a whole for 14 urban and rural predefined places in the woods. Additionally, the transferability of the regarded main criteria to urban areas is proofed. The Landscape Aesthetic Description according to Wöbse, Riccabona and Frohmann (2010) Landscapepreferences by Kaplan and Kaplan (1987), sensorial spatial analysis according to Frohmann (2000) and the Associative Perception of Space by Frohman and C.G. Jung (2000) is applied to investigate the aesthetic and spatial atmosphere. The ranking of the criteria is defined based on studies previously carried out by Kaplan and Kaplan (1989), Nijnik and Mather (2008), Edwards et. al. (2012), Ribe (2009) and own findings. The derived criteria are the species composition, the height of branches, the orientation based on key elements, the stocking density, the stand age, the sight, the kind of forestry interventions, the degree of naturalness, the luminous intensity, the noise level and the presence of dead wood, the topography, the wood vitality, the biodiversity and the symbolism of the plants. The investigation makes clear that the priority criteria are mostly given in Austrian woods, but they have to fulfil a variety of factors. A minimum level of complexity together with the simultaneous presence of legibility in terms of structure or landmarks turned out to be crucial. The transferability of the criteria is basically possible but needs a sensible approach to consider all factors and their relationships. The work shows that these factors can be fulfilled in various situations with individual modules: for peace and regeneration, for playing and researching and for activities and walking. How these modules could be shaped and which parameters should be considered, is defined in this thesis.