The presented master thesis analyses the extent to which bagged pellets are being used with regard to the chosen heating system, consumer behavior and purchase motivation. Conclusions are based on quantitative telephone surveys undertaken with consumers of bagged pellets and on qualitative interviews with experts. Four commonly used heating systems are considered in this paper, including: (a) woodstove with central heating, (b) woodstove without central heating, (c) central heating boiler with a storeroom, and (d) central heating boiler with a weekly to be refilled container. The thesis turned a variety of assumptions made by experts into hypotheses, which could successfully be tested scientifically. The main assumption of this thesis, that most of the bagged pellets sold in Austria are fired in woodstoves without central heating was disproved. Only a third of all the bagged pellets sold in Austria are used in this type of heating. Against expectations, woodstoves with central heating and central heating boilers combined are responsible for two-thirds of the consumption.