The Red River delta, the second biggest delta in Vietnam, is facing the loss of agricultural land by urbanization and industrialization. The research wants to illustrate the relationship between soil attributes, Quaternary sediments and geomorphology in Quaternary in a specified study area within the Red River delta. The landuse change, which is evaluated for the period 1987 2003, and the relationship between pedology and geology are used to provide idea for landuse planning. The paleochannel systems in the study area are classified into the Day River, Red River and Tich River system. From the relationship between soil properties, geomorphology and geology in the study area it is concluded that: 1- the pH and grain size distribution relate to the geological formation and geomorphology. 2- The change of the bulk and clay mineral amounts in the top soil layer corresponds with relative soil age and the degree of weathering level. 3- Plinthic Ferrasols formed in the F4 and F5 formation or on erosion hill slopes, erosion terrace II and erosion plains. Ferralic Fluvisols developed in the F3 formation or terrace I. Umbric and Ochric Fluvisols formed in the F1 and F2 formation or on alluvial accumulation. Soils with gleyic properties formed in depressions and in the floors of the paleochannels. During lateritization in the study area accumulated dominantly iron oxides in laterite profiles. In the Quaternary formations, laterite highly developed in the foothills within formation F4 and the terrace I of formation F3. The landcover/landuse change from 1987 to 2003 occurred with a different degree in different geological formations and soil types. A significant landcover/landuse change in Plinthic Ferrasols from shrub areas to artificial forest and vegetable was noticed. Land-use planning in the study area should aim to conserve the agricultural land in the fluvial terrain. The hill areas and foothills are suitable for factories and industrial zone. The landuse in the foothills and hill areas should be converted from artificial forest to agro-forest combination models.