With regard to more and more limited resources, important plant nutrients which are removed from soil with the sugar beet crop can be brought back into the nutrient cycle by the application of Carbonation lime. On sites with high pH value, but differing in lime content, the influence of an excessive application of Carbonation lime over several years (in total 0, 75, 150, 300 t/ha Carbonation lime) on yield as well as on chemical and physical soil parameters was examined. Neither yield nor the content of the most important macro and micro nutrients was modified by a rising amount of Carbonation lime. On sites with a native lime content smaller than 0.5%, the pH value of the topsoil increased only slightly. The content of phosphorus as well as of exchangeable magnesium in the soil increased with increasing Carbonation lime application. However, at intensities of above 150 tons/ ha Carbonation lime, the plant available amount of iron and manganese decreased. The contents of copper, zinc and boron remained unchanged. With the application of Carbonation lime, more favourable values for hydraulic conductivity as well as for penetration resistance were detected. Intensity of root penetration increased with increasing Carbonation lime application. At a conventional level of carbonation lime application of approximately 10 t/ha per crop rotation, even on soils with high lime content, neither a decrease in plant growth nor in quality of the harvested crop can be expected, whereas physical soil parameters are likely to be improved.