This master's thesis focuses on the impact of vegetation planted in the tractor lanes had on the quality of Chardonnay in the year 2012 in Weiden am See/Burgenland. Three different versions of soil cultivation ("open soil", greened and treated soil", greened and untreated soil") were compared with each other. The vegetation within the lanes, the soil and the grape-vines were analyzed. Chemical must and wine analyses and winetasting provided information about the quality of wine. Out of all the tested soil cultivation systems, the variant "open soil" was rated best. However, biomass researches indicated that the vegetation within the lanes was too tall and partly vigorous plants had been sown. Because of low precipitation, the water competition between vegetation and the grape-vines increased. That influenced especially the crop quantity. The greened variants produced only half as much crop as the grape-vines on open soil. In addition the taste of wine was affected by aridity. On the other hand, grape quality of the greened versions was rated better than the one of the type "open soil" and the results of the chemical must analysis indicated that the physiological maturity of grapes of the cultivating system "greened and treated soil" was the most advanced at harvesting time. Overall the variant "greened and treated" had better results than the version "greened and untreated" and even the crop quantity was a little bit more. Therefor this cultivation system could be an option for vineyards on more arid sites. However, the greening respectively the seed-mixture and the management of the vegetation should be more adapted to the site and weather conditions to reduce disadvantages which can go along with vegetation planted within the lanes. Due to the results, a permanent and untreated greening is not recommended under the given conditions over the period 2012 (low rainfall, species composition of vegetation, intensity of soil cultivation).