Having valuable high-quality stopover sites available for migratory birds is one of the key factors for the success of migration. However, beside the conservation of breeding and wintering grounds, the actual protection of valuable stopover sites has often been somewhat neglected. Overall 93 of 315 passerine species along the East-Asian Australasian Flyway (the worlds largest) are declining. This study aims to identify valuable areas for migratory songbirds along the vast EAAF and to develop a first approach for Strategic Conservation Planning. The main methodological framework encompasses predictive modeling (TreeNet) and the Strategic Conservation Planning Tool Marxan. Overall, six models were created by using mistnet data for the fall migration of five selected index species (Arctic Warbler, Yellow Wagtail, Bluethroat, Siberian Rubythroat & Black-faced Bunting) as well as a by developing a “Species Richness Index” (songbirds). The extensive contiguous areas with a high index of predicted occurrence indicate broad-front migration and a higher variability in habitat use during fall migration than during the breeding season. It puts much doubt on earlier concept that only a few and narrow migration hotspots would be required for a successful migration across the flyway. In the framework of Strategic Conservation Planning, five reserve solution scenarios with different focuses (Species Richness, boreal index species, subboreal index species, all species as well as all species with consideration of vulnerable areas) were created by using simulated annealing. In general, only a low percentage (10-31%) of the current and official protection network covers the reserves for the selected index species generated by Marxan. All reserve solutions should be seen as a first approach and a public baseline for future conservation planning processes whereby there is a need of further refinement and assessment throughout a stakeholders involvement on a wider flyway level.