In order to study the dispersal behaviour of Ips typographus (L.) a mark-release-recapture experiment was performed in the valley „Hundsaugraben“ of the Wilderness Area Dürrenstein (Lower Austria, Austria) at 940 m a.s.l. in 2014. Therefore, colonized logs were powdered with an non-toxic fluorescent colour before the overwintering parental generation started to emerge. Beetles emerging from these logs marked themselves and could be identified after catching in pheromone traps under UV light. To distinguish between the parental beetles and their offsprings freshly colonized logs were treated with a different fluorescent colour. The flight activity was investigated by 19 pheromone traps, which were concentrically installed at various distances around the releasing site and emptied weekly. One of the traps was equipped with an automatic interval sampler which allowed daily catches. Temperature, irradiation, wind velocity, wind direction and precipitation was recorded by a weather station next to the releasing site. In total, 80,640 individuals of I. typographus were captured in the pheromone traps from May to September 2014, among them 553 beetles were marked. A rate of 94% of the marked beetles were trapped within a distance of 500 m from the releasing site. As a result, the mean flight distance of the newly emerged parental generation after hibernation was larger than the flight of the parental generation to establish a sister brood in June and the flight of beetles of the first generation in July. The local wind conditions influenced at least in part the flight direction of the beetles as it was indicated by daily catches of the automatic collecting pheromone trap. It was shown that under corresponding wind directions those traps were especially attractive which were close to the releasing site and profit due to the luring effect of the pheromones or suitable breeding material. Furthermore, the influence of altitude (220m, 940m and 1,500m a.s.l.) on the development and emergence rate of a low-land population of I. typographus was investigated. The analyses of the breeding systems at the end of the season revealed that the rate of emergence declined significantly with altitudes increasing altitude (220m: 83%; 940m: 36%; 1,500m: 18%).