In the last decades Austrian agriculture has undergone considerable change. From the Second World War, and predominantly from the end of the 1970s onwards, the extensive amount of rural manual labour was substituted by machines. Before, manual work had largely been carried out by women, and thus these changes particularly affected the domain of female farmers. This diploma thesis analyses the potential impact of mechanization in the 20th century on the work of female farmers. The results of literature research have shown a negative impact of the mechanization on the work of female farmers, due to a decrease in the number of work domains and women being increasingly forced into household work. The empirical part examines whether this impact was also confirmed by female farmers from Windhaag bei Freistadt, a municipality in the Mühlviertel. For this purpose, 10 qualitative interviews with five elderly female farmers (who already used to work as farmers in the late 1970s) and five younger farmers (who, at that time, were in their childhood or adolescence) were conducted. The outcome shows that the mechanization of the 20th century had an impact on the work of female farmers in the municipality of Windhaag bei Freistadt. However, this impact, as opposed to the outcome shown in the theoretical part, was almost exclusively experienced in a positive way.