The aim of this master thesis is to research employment effects of rural tourism in the recent five years in the Kashin region, Russia. At the beginning of the thesis definitions of the terms agritourism, rural tourism, rural area and also employment effects will be introduced. Export base theory and multiplier effect is a theory base for the research at hand. The developed theoretical model elaborates seven factors, which can affect the employment situation in rural tourism and, particularly, in agricultural tourism. Consequently, an ensemble of advanced hypotheses, based on the theoretical model, has been developed and examined using multiple case study research. Research data for the analyses has been collected through several narrative interviews. A qualitative data analysis has been used as analysis method. Additionally statistic data, data of the tourism development program and two expert interviews aiming at the research results improvement were used. According to the results, only a hesitant development of agricultural tourism in Kashin region can be reported. Major influencing factors are accessibility and the economic situation. The accessibility of the study region, being located about 160-210 km from the next big cities, is complicated by harsh weather and road conditions. The current economic situation does not allow the creation of any better infrastructure for tourism and the attraction of more tourists to the agritourism sector. In 2013 about seven thousand persons have been working in Kashin region, only 160 of whom working in accommodation and gastronomy. With regard to rural tourism only one enterprise does provide accommodation service in Kashin. Another firm organizes public festivals and provides excursions in the mainly for guests from Moscow. In 2013 a tourism development program started, supporting general regional initiatives in tourism, but for the time of writing this thesis did not show any results. Findings of the conducted research represent the current situation in the region in terms of rural tourism and serve as a basis for future research, highlighting its importance for the region.