Preliminary results from a study aiming at the basic material characterisation of large diameter spruce wood (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) and the state of the Art were used to derive further research needs to determine the effect of varying fibre properties on the paper industry. A concept for a research proposal, meant to be submitted to a research funding organisation was developed. The proposal focuses on assessing the potential of spruce tracheids for the production of specific types of paper depending on the tree age. According to the forms of the funding agency the research project was structured into sample preparation, methodology, working packages for the experiments as well as data analysis. Preceding tests revealed a potentially high influence of the cell morphology of the tracheids on pulp and paper properties. Based on this, perspectives for the implementation of possible results and the impact on the markets were given. The restrictions and risks of the research project were evaluated.