Compared with the total number of farmers engaged in organic farming in Austria, the number of people concerned with biodynamic farming is rather small. So, what are the underlying motives and values of farmers for biodynamic cultivation? And what is the farmers anthroposophical approach to the method? How do these farmers assess the present situation as well as future developments in the field of organic farming? On the basis of qualitative research a number of semi-structured interviews with countrymen and -women from ten different farms located in Lower Austria were conducted. The interviews were carried out by means of an interview guide and exclusively addressed people engaged in biodynamic farming. As to the motives for biodynamic farming, ecological aspects, internal advancement and the effective implementation of the method were in the foreground. Furthermore, the interviewees highlighted the importance of external advancement as well as the careful and ecological cultivation of the soil. As regards personal values, independence and self-determination, family and personal advancement as well as taking on responsibility seem to be important. According to experienced farmers, the acceptance of biodynamic farming has improved. However, being accepted has become less important for farmers at the same time. The results of the interviews prove that experienced farmers engaged in biodynamic farming have a considerable knowledge of the anthroposophical approach to the farming method whereas the newcomers try to become familiar. In general, farmers are not satisfied with the current developments in organic farming: Negligence of core values, an increased accreditation of external resources as well as financial incentives as the decisive factor for a changeover to organic farming have been considered critically.