There are currently 47 nature parks in Austria, in which 23 of them are part of the federal state of Lower Austria. This master thesis looks into the difficulty of maintaining the cost-effectiveness of many small nature parks in Lower Austria and it is thereby accompanied by the thoughts, of whether or not it is sustainable for Lower Austria and the respective local authorities to keep the current structure. Several possibilities were considered: on one hand was the consolidation, or merging, of some nature parks and on the other hand that some nature parks would face closure. In this context it is a very complex topic since the nature parks have a long lasting history, independence and their own characteristics, which need to be considered. Against this background, experts from Lower Austria as well as experts of selected nature parks were contacted and interviewed using a set of predefined questions. These insights were summarized and recorded in a SWOT Analysis (Strength Weakness Opportunity Thread Analysis). Approaches to problem solving were then described based on the resulting interviews and the SWOT Analysis.