The conservation of last elephant occurrences becomes increasingly a challenge in any agrarian populated country, where crop raiding and property damages is an increasing issue. In Bhutan, with only a minor and more mobile elephant population, according conflicts are only a more recent but an increasing problem. Corresponding experience and literature are still poor. Therefore, this study tried to find out through questionnaire-based information which damages dominate, which counter-measures are exhibited and with which (mostly not very long lasting) success, and which attitudes towards conflicts with elephants are evident, or may become a future problem for their survival. An initial literature review (from over the world) helped to discuss the results finally with regard to Bhutan and to make some preliminary suggestions.