Agrobiodiversity, the biological diversity in agriculture, contains all varieties and breeds of animals, plants a micro organism additionally the surrounded nature which is effected by agricultural production. In this work the correlation of attitude of organic farmers (men and women) and the endowment of agrobiodiversity on their farms was studied. Structured interviews (questionnaires), freelists and pile sorts were applied, and men and women farmers on 12 organic farms were visited. Men and women were interviewed separately. All farms are located in the Mostviertel, cultivate arable and grassland (exception: one grassland farm) and keep at least one kind of animals. All visited farms manage and conserve elements of agrobiodiversity like orchards, hedgerows, margins, homegardens and berry-gardens. Farms keeping ruminants conserve more elements of agrobiodiversity, pig farms have a larger cropdiversity. The term „agrobiodiversity“ is for the largest part of the interview partners common. For the personal perception of agrobiodiversity of the farmers on their farms a beautiful landscape is most important. Also cultural and traditional aspects play important rolls. Beside this intrinsic such as like knowledge, interest and attitude of the interviewed organic farmers to the thematic agrobiodiversity also extrinsic factors such as costs, prices and subsidies influence the agrobiodiversity on the organic farms. Another conclusion, which is also drawn by other studies, is that more communication between conservationists, scientists and farmers would lead to more acceptances of agri-environmental programmes by the farmers. Such concepts should be made with not for the farmers.