In most arid and semi-arid regions, water is a limiting factor for development. Learning to cope with less water requires new approaches to water resources management, including wastewater recovery and reuse. Greywater, generated from household washing activities, is regarded as a viable water source for non-potable applications, such as restricted irrigation of crops. Precautionary measures, including source control and primary and secondary treatment are recommended prior to reuse. Effective greywater management options are also required in cases where supply-driven water management has neglected to take care of the resulting domestic wastewater in non-sewered areas. In these cases, open disposal of greywater is common and reportedly causes environmental and health problems among the population. This thesis explores systems of household greywater management in the context of peri-urban settlements in water scarce developing countries. Presented is information, gathered primarily from literature, detailing greywater projects of similar context to that of the ROSA project (Resource Oriented Sanitation for peri-urban areas of Africa). Case studies of innovative greywater management systems from South Africa, Mali, and Jordan are provided with emphasis on greywater reuse and disposal techniques, assessment results, and experiences of the project development process. Field observations, results from a semi-structured questionnaire, and review of baseline study reports offer a preliminary assessment of current domestic water consumption and greywater management within the ROSA cities (Arba Minch, Ethiopia; Kitgum, Uganda; Nakuru, Kenya; Arusha, Tanzania). The DPSIR (Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response) conceptual framework is used to structure the interrelated components of domestic water; supporting an understanding of the system and identifying practical intervention strategies as part of an integrated greywater management approach.