The study deals with land use changes and the resulting transformation of the landscape in Krispl, a municipality in Salzburg, Austria. The changes of land use for the last fifty years depending on exposition, declination and altitude were investigated. In a first step, official statistical data and the situation of current subsidies were analysed. The main part of the study is covered by a quantitative analysis of land use changes since 1953 by means of aerial photographs and GIS. Additionally, the scenic development was visualized by a pictorial landscape comparison. Furthermore, a farm survey was conducted to describe the perception of landscape transformation by the local people and to assess prospective land use changes. Since 1953 arable farm land and grassland have declined in contrast to woodland, settlements and roads. Due to this land use changes the landscape has been transformed. This development has been perceived by the local people. Currently, land use in unfavourable areas is assured because of agri-environmental subsidies. But, if these subsidies are significantly reduced, land use, and in accordance landscape, will change dramatically. Agriculture in many marginal locations will be abandoned and the high nature value of these regions will decline considerably.