During the last few years renewable energies have particularly become more and more important. Despite all the advantages of renewable energies, power generation is nevertheless a space-consuming process, it has to do with locations and therefore it may have impacts on environment and landscape. The current master thesis analyses the implications of the energy plant cultivation for the landscape scenery. A detailed description of agricultural structures is carried out for the European Union, with the focus on Austria and Germany. Furthermore, acreages which are currently used and prospectively available for energy plant cultivation are represented as well as cultivation methods and cultures themselves. In regard to the possible change of the landscape and its appearance, essential considerations on nature and landscape are made. At the same time, different aspects of awareness, esthetics and emotionality of landscape understanding are described, whereas socio-cultural differences are taken into account as well. In order to hand in an estimation which way of energy crop production has negative effects on esthetics and recreational value of landscapes, different evaluation methods for the assessment of landscape changes are presented.